In the 1st century BC, it had grown into one of the largest cities of the Roman Empire with a population of more than 200,000. Philosopher Heraclitus was born here, and the city was famed for the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Later it was home to one of the largest early-Christian communities.
Today, the site of Ephesus contains the largest collection of Roman ruins in the eastern Mediterranean. They provide an impression of the city's former splendor - including the Library of Celsus with its magnificent façade, reconstructed completely from original pieces.
A Classical Masterpiece
▶ The Collection of Classical Antiquities Berlin▶ Ephesos