3D Experience


The city of Memphis became the capital of ancient Egypt when the kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt were first united c. 3000 BCE. At the heart of the city was the great Temple of Ptah, creator god and patron of craftsmen – one of the most important sanctuaries of Egypt. With the beginning of the Middle Kingdom, political power moved further south to Thebes.

Yet Memphis remained one of the greatest cities of Egypt. Only when the country became part of the Roman Empire it finally lost its role to Alexandria, the new metropolis on the Mediterranean coast.

Since 1979, the ruins of Memphis together with its necropolis of Saqqara and the pyramids at Giza have been listed as UNESCO World Heritage.