3D Experience


Thebes is the Greek name for the great city that developed around the huge temples dedicated to the supreme god Amun-Ra. For more than a thousand years, it was the greatest religious centre, the "Vatican" of ancient Egypt. In the Middle Kingdom it became the political capital of Egypt, too. Its golden age came with the 18th dynasty: around 1500 BCE the grand temples were rebuilt to a size and splendour without parallel in the ancient world.

In addition to the great temples of Karnak and Luxor, the site comprises "Thebes of the Dead": the necropolises known as the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, and the Temples of Queen Hatshepsut and Ramesses II.

Since 1979, the ruins of ancient Thebes have been inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage site.